Posts Tagged ‘built environment’

Studies on the Built Environment and Obesity Challenged

August 22nd, 2012

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Health Care Organization and Policy have made some interesting findings regarding the literature around the built environment (parks, trails, sidewalks) and physical activity and obesity. Of the 169 articles they looked at, 89% reported beneficial relationships but virtually all utilized simple observational designs. Studies utilizing objective measures of obesity, such as pedometers, were 18 % less likely to find a positive relationship. Articles focusing on children in community settings, those with direct measures of obesity or those with an academic first author were less likely to find a beneficial relationship. Conclusion: policy makers should require more rigorous scientific research, which, by the way, is the same conclusion Chris Still and I came to in our recent article.

See PubMed: Relationship between Built Environment and Physical Activity

 

Environment

September 26th, 2009

The modern built environment may send cues to individuals for eating. Obesity and the built environment: changes in envi…[Int J Obes (Lond). 2008] – PubMed Result

The local number of fast food outlets is associated with higher BMI, as is car ownership. Body mass index, neighborhood fast food and restau…[J Urban Health. 2009] – PubMed Result

Better access to supermarkets and less access to convenience stores are associated with higher BMI levels. Neighborhood environments: disparities in access t…[Am J Prev Med. 2009] – PubMed Result

Research Activities, April 2009: Child/Adolescent Health: Boosting and preserving green spaces in urban neighborhoods may help reduce childhood obesity

Local food environments, obesity and diabetes: http://www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/pubs/files/Designed_for_Disease_050108.pdf

Journal of Public Health Policy – New Recreational Facilities for the Young and the Old in Los Angeles: Policy and Programming Implications

Journal of Public Health Policy – Disparities in Urban Neighborhood Conditions: Evidence from GIS Measures and Field Observation in New York City

Journal of Public Health Policy – The Relation of the Perceived Environment to Fear, Physical Activity, and Health in Public Housing Developments: Evidence from Chicago

Free full articles on the built environment: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law — Table of Contents (June 2008, 33 [3])

Neighborhood safety, collective efficacy, and obes…[Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006] – PubMed Result