Posts Tagged ‘dietary supplements’

Criminal Crackdown on Supplement Makers

November 21st, 2015

This week the federal Department of Justice announced major criminal and civil actions against 100 makers of dietary supplements, including those for weight loss. According to DOJ, the actions resulted from a year-long effort, beginning in November 2014, to focus enforcement resources in an area of the dietary supplement market that is causing increasing concern among health officials nationwide.  In each case, the department or one of its federal partners allege the sale of supplements that contain ingredients other than those listed on the product label or the sale of products that make health or disease treatment claims that are unsupported by adequate scientific evidence.

 

FDA Spikes Concerns Over Dangerous Dietary Supplements

April 8th, 2015

Anahad O’Connor, writing in the New York Times, discloses an upsetting picture of the Food and Drug Administration inaction on policing an amphetamine-like substance in dietary supplements. The article describes how the leadership of the FDA division responsible for policing dietary supplements has been and is led by highlevel executives from the Natural Products Association, the trade association representing dietary supplement makers.

 

Politicians Beware of Dietary Supplement Businessmen

January 23rd, 2014

Source: Politico.com

Virginia Governor Robert F. McDonnell and his wife for accepting gifts from a dietary supplement businessman. McDonnell had state health officials meet with Star Scientific Inc. representatives who wanted its supplement, Anatabloc, included in the basic health plan for state employees. The Governor and his wife openly endorsed Anatabloc.

Jonnie R. Williams, head of Star Scientific Inc., gave over $100,000 in corporate jet travel to the governor and personal gifts to the McDonnell’s over $145,000. Williams had run afoul of the Securities and Exchange Commission, which forced him to pay back nearly $300,000 for using research with false claims to promote a medical business. Star Scientific has three shareholder lawsuits against it alleging the company made false or misleading statements to boost Anatabloc.

Like all other dietary supplements, approval by the Food and Drug Administration before sale is not required. The company claims that Anatabloc helps “reduce inflammation and support a health metabolism.” However, as reported by the Richmond (VA) Times Dispatch, the company has put out at least 15 press releases on scientific studies it commissioned implying Anatabloc might mitigate the underlying causes of Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, thyroiditis and traumatic brain injuries. It’s advertising also promotes Anatabloc for joint pain and inflammation, even though the active ingredient has only been tested in pre-clinical, animal studies. In December 2013, the FDA informed Star Scientific that it was improperly selling Anatabloc and the company needed FDA approval to sell it as a drug.

Somewhat ironically (or not) Governor McDonnell received a combined M.A./J.D. degree from Christian Broadcasting Network University (now called Regent University). Christian Broadcasting Network University was founded by Pat Robertson, conservative religious broadcaster and one time Presidential candidate. Robertson sold another dietary supplement, described as an “age defying shake” and was accused of using his tax-deductible contributions to the school  to promote a commercial product.  In one of his promotions, Robertson, then 76 years old, claimed that he could leg-press 1,000 pounds, more than the world record.

McDonnell should have seen in coming. In 2002, Tony Blair was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. His wife, Cherie Blair, became involved with another dietary supplement businessman, Peter Foster. Foster was an Australian who had been convicted and jailed on three continents for offences involving weight loss products and property transactions. Foster became a financial advisor to Blair and assisted her with the purchase of two apartments. Cherie Blair denied the involvement but evidence came out to the contrary.

As long as the dietary supplement industry can operate without showing scientific basis for its products, it will remain an easy arena for scam artists who can pocket millions, often from weight loss products. The FDA and Federal Trade Commission can do a lot more enforcement of current laws but eventually Congress will have to bring the dietary supplement industry under tougher supervision.

 

Consumer Protection

September 27th, 2009

So many Americans are desperately trying to lose weight it should be no surprise that there are people willing to take advantage of them by selling untested, ineffective or unsafe products or services.

According to a survey by the Federal Trade Commission, in 2005, 30.2 million adults were victims of fraud. The largest category — affecting 4.8 million Americans — were weight loss scams. FTC Releases Consumer Fraud Survey

Some of the time, state attorneys general and local prosecutors try to prosecute cases of fraud. But most of the enforcement work has fallen to two US government agencies, the Federal Trade Commission and the Food and Drug Administration. Here are summaries of their activities

a. The FTC has asked the media to police the weight loss claims that they publish or broadcast. FTC Releases Guidance to Media on False Weight-Loss Claims following a workshop on advertising practices

b.They publish Red Flags to warn consumers against bogus weight loss web sites. Red Flag Bogus Claims

c. They have worked with Mexico and Canada to police international scams United States, Mexico, Canada (MUCH) Combat Weight Loss Fraud

d. See examples of recent regulatory enforcement Internet Marketers of Dietary Supplement for Weight Loss Agree to Pay $150,000 and FTC Targets Weight-Loss Marketers’ Allegedly Bogus ‘Free’ Sample Offers and Marketers of Weight-Loss Patch to Pay More Than $110,000 for Violating Previous FTC Settlements

The Food and Drug Administration has jurisdiction over dietary supplements (with the Federal Trade Commission as well as other dangerous weight loss products.

They have issued this guide to contaminated weight loss products Questions and Answers about FDA’s Initiative Against Contaminated Weight Loss Products

The FDA’s list of dangerous weight loss products can be found here: FDA Uncovers Additional Tainted Weight Loss Products. Some of their most recent enforcement came against products containing hydroxcut FDA Warns Consumers Not to Use Dietary Supplements Labeled Hydroxycut because of the Potential Risk of Severe Liver Injury

Types of health care frauds and how to report them are available at FDA 101: Health Fraud Awareness

Complementary Therapies

September 27th, 2009

Complementary therapies for reducing body weight: …[Int J Obes (Lond). 2005] – PubMed Result

Dietary supplements for body-weight reduction: a s…[Am J Clin Nutr. 2004] – PubMed Result

Adverse events of herbal food supplements for body…[Obes Rev. 2005] – PubMed Result

Chromium picolinate for reducing body weight: meta…[Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003] – PubMed Result

Dietary supplements for body-weight reduction: a s…[Am J Clin Nutr. 2004] – PubMed Result

Adverse events of herbal food supplements for body…[Obes Rev. 2005] – PubMed Result