Posts Tagged ‘Europe’

Obesity Rates in Europe Spiral Upwards

November 25th, 2011

Two reports from Europe show pervasive increases in obesity throughout Europe, even though rates of obesity vary significantly within the continent.

The European Union reports that rates varied between 8% and 23.9% for women and 7.6% and 24.7% for men. (The US rates are 26.8% for women and 27.6% for men.) The lowest rates for men and women were in Romania, Italy, Bulgaria and France. The highest rates for women were in the United Kingdom, Malta, Latvia and Estonia; for men, in Malta, the UK, Hungary and the Czech Republic. Rates of obesity increased with age and fell with higher educational levels. See, http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_PUBLIC/3-24112011-BP/EN/3-24112011-BP-EN.PDF

In the second report, the Organization for the Economic Co-operation and  Development (OECD) looked at obesity among its 34 member countries worldwide.

Looking at their latest surveys, they found more than half of the adult population in the OECD report they are overweight or obese. Where height and weight were measured (as opposed to self-report) the rate was even grater, 55.8%. 19 of the 34 OECD countries had more than 50% of adults who were overweight or obese. Even in countries with low rates, e.g. Japan, Korea, France and Switzerland, rates were increasing. Throughout the OECD, 17% of adults were obese. The report notes, “The rise in obesity has affected all population groups, regardless of sex, age, race, income, or education level, but to varying extents.” http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/fulltext/8111101ec018.pdf?expires=1322264846&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=8D94E5CC3B86E6675810DE2CCB25CA83 

Regarding childhood, the OECD notes “Rates of overweight among boys and girls are increasing across the OECD. In many developed countries, child obesity levels doubled between the 1960s and the 1980s, and have doubled since then. Even in emerging countries, the prevalence of obesity is rising, especially in urban areas where there is more sedentary behavior and a greater access to energy-dense food.” OECD iLibrary: Statistics / Health at a Glance / 2011 / Overweight and obesity among children

Downey Fact Sheet 4 – The Global Obesity Epidemic

September 27th, 2009

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Increasing rates of obesity are not unique to the United States. Rates of obesity are increasing around the globe.

By Julie Snider for the Downey Obesity Report

By Julie Snider for the Downey Obesity Report

The World Health Organization projects at, as of 2005, 1.6 billion adults were overweight and at least 400 million were obese. Approximately 2.3 billion adults will be overweight and 700 million will be obese by 2015. WHO | Obesity and overweight

The Global Prevalence of Obesity is tracked by the International Obesity Task Force, a wealth of data is available at ..:: IOTF.ORG – International Obesity Taskforce ::..

The prevalence of obesity among children is increasing worldwide. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesi…[Int J Pediatr Obes. 2006] – PubMed Result

The increasing trends worldwide appear to affect the children from higher, not lower, socioeconomic status Obesity among pre-adolescent and adolescents of a …[Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2004] – PubMed Result

Prevalence is also increasing in Europe The epidemic of obesity in children and adolescent…[Cent Eur J Public Health. 2006] – PubMed Result

In India, undernutrition and obesity are co-occuring. Patterns, distribution, and determinants of under-…[Am J Clin Nutr. 2006] – PubMed Result

The cause appears to reflect dramatic changes in diet in urban areas and in reductions in physical activity The nutrition transition and obesity in the develo…[J Nutr. 2001] – PubMed Result. Some of the effects may be due to changes in income levels. Rapid income growth adversely affects diet quality…[Soc Sci Med. 2004] – PubMed Result. See also, Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density an…[Am J Clin Nutr. 2004] – PubMed Result and The real contribution of added sugars and fats to …[Epidemiol Rev. 2007] – PubMed Result

As one would expect, the worldwide incidence of diabetes is also increasing Global Prevalence of Diabetes — Diabetes Care