Posts Tagged ‘life expectancy’

Does low improvement in life expectancy reflect obesity’s impact?

October 28th, 2015

Do slowing improvements in life expectancy reflect the obesity epidemic? That is the question raised by a new study published in JAMA by researchers from the American Cancer Society. Analyzing mortality data from 1969 to 2013, the researchers found that the rate of decreases in the death rates for obesity-related diseases, e.g. heart disease, stroke and diabetes, may reflect the consequences of the rising rates of obesity. Alternative theories include a natural ceiling on life expectancy and medical  advances, such as statins, have taken effect on mortality rates.

 

Life Expectancy and Physical Activity

October 15th, 2012

So how big an effect is physical inactivity? We hear all the time how terrible physical inactivity is but just how bad. Now comes an answer. Some 39 collaborators, part of the Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group have published an analysis of the burden of physical inactivity on disease and life expectancy.

The researchers calculated population attributable fractions associated with physical inactivity “using conservative assumptions for each of the major non-communicable diseases by country, to estimate how much disease could be averted if physical inactivity were eliminated.”

They estimated that, worldwide, physical inactivity causes, for coronary heart disease, between 3.2% in southeast Asia to 7/8% in the eastern Mediterranean. For type 2 diabetes, physical inactivity contributes 7%, 10% of breast cancer and 10% of colon cancer. “Inactivity,” they calculate, “causes 9% or more of premature mortality or more than 5.3 million of the 57 million deaths that occurred worldwide in 2008. If physical inactivity were eliminated, life expectancy of the world’s population would increase by 0.68 years (range of 0.41-0.95).

That’s it? 8 months?  Well, that’s for both the active and inactive population. If you look at just having the physically inactive reach recommended levels of physical fitness, it is estimated that inactive people would gain 1.3 to 3.7 years from age 50 on in the United States. In East Asia, life expectancy from age 30 increased by 2.6 to 4.2 years. That’s a bit more meaningful. PubMed: Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide

 

New Mortality Data

September 26th, 2011

Obesity’s contribution to increased mortality remains a controversial topic. In a new study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania estimate that obesity reduced US life expectancy at age 50 by 1.54 years for women and by 1.85 years for men. They conclude that the high prevalence of obesity in the United States contributes substantially to the poor showing of the US in international rankings of longevity. Contribution of Obesity to International … [Am J Public Health. 2011] – PubMed – NCBI

Will New Study Implicate Obesity in Lowering Life Expectancy?

June 15th, 2011

A new study of life expectancy in the United States will surely raise questions about impact of obesity. The Washington Post reports that a study to be published next Wednesday shows  large variations in changes in life expectancy across the country. Rates of life expectancy are getting worse, it appears in the South and SouthEast where there are the highest rates of obesity and diabetes. Life expectancy in the U.S. varies widely by region and in some places is decreasing – The Washington Post  Check the Washington Post’s interactive map for information on your county. For more in depth information, pull up the USDA Food Environment Atlas and compare it to the life expectancy data. Food Environment Atlas

 

Archives

September 27th, 2009

APRIL 2009

April 24, 2009

After planting garden, Michelle Obama skips out to Five Guys for a burger.

First lady says she sneaks off to fun restaurants – washingtonpost.com

MARCH 2009

March 31, 2009

Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius lead off her testimony to the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee stating, “Yet, at the beginning of the 21st century, we face new and equally daunting challenges.

We face an obesity epidemic that threatens to make our children the first generation of Americanchildren to face life expectancies shorter than our own.”

March 30, 2009

Review of new drugs for obesity Obesity Drug by Arena Has an Effect, but a Limited One – NYTimes.com

March 27, 2009

New York Times reports on walking school buses in Italy fighting obesity and climate change

Students Give Up Wheels for Their Own Two Feet – NYTimes.com

March 18, 2009

Another study shows obesity increases risk of death

Obesity Takes Years Off Your Life – Forbes.com

March 13, 2009

Mississippi to cover state workers’ bariatric surgery

Surgery: Long-term care is more expensive | clarionledger.com | The Clarion-Ledger

March 9, 2009

Obama sets out Administration policy on use of science The White House – Press Office – Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies 3-9-09

March 6, 2009

Abdominal obesity adversely affects lung function Belly Fat Bad for Your Lungs?

March 6, 2009

New study finds dietician students prejudiced against persons with obesity Bias Against Obesity Is Found Among Future Dietitians – Forbes.com

March 1, 2009

Obesity increases worker’s comp. Obesity supersizing workers comp costs – Financial Week

March 1, 2009

South Carolina Senator criticized for trying to dump bicycle paths from stimulus bill. DC Bicycle Transportation Examiner: Sen. DeMint’s pro-obesity legislation was the real pork in the stimulus debate

FEBRUARY 2009

February 27, 2009

Obama budget to cut farm subsidies; improve child nutrition Obama wants to cut subsidies to farmers | DesMoinesRegister.com | The Des Moines Register

February 27, 2009

Drug maker buries data on diabetes drug causing weight gain AstraZeneca Documents Released in Seroquel Suit – NYTimes.com

February 20, 2009

North Carolina looks to penalize persons with obesity: Smoking, obesity may cost state employees | CharlotteObserver.com

February 19, 2009

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation announces national effort on childhood obesity Leading Research Funders Launch Collaborative To Accelerate Nation’s Progress in Reducing Childhood Obesity – RWJF

February 19, 2009

Clinton Foundation announces alliance on childhood obesity Alliance for a Healthier Generation Expands Efforts to Combat Childhood Obesity with Launch of Landmark Healthcare Initiative

February 18, 2009

Court of Appeals upholds NYC Calorie Disclosure Ordinance

http://www.citizen.org/documents/NYSRAOpinion.pdf

Court Upholds the City’s Rule Requiring Some Restaurants to Post Calorie Counts – NYTimes.com

CDC: Young Invincibles are obese CDC: ‘Young invincibles’ have significant health concerns – CNN.com

February 16, 2009:

Home recipes increase in calories: ‘Joy of Cooking’ or ‘Joy of Obesity’? – Los Angeles Times

February 12, 2009

CMS Issues decision on using bariatric surgery to treat Type 2 Diabetes; notes effectiveness of bariatric surgery in resolving Type 2 Diabetes. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Obesity linked to Birth Defects

Obesity During Pregnancy Linked to Infant Birth Defects – NYTimes.com

JAMA paper on birth defect risks with mothers with obesity. JAMA — Maternal Overweight and Obesity and the Risk of Congenital Anomalies: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, February 11, 2009, Stothard et al. 301 (6): 636

February 19, 2009

Fast food restaurants predict strokes

More Fast-Food Joints in Neighborhoods Mean More Strokes – US News and World Report

February 12, 2009

How evolution lead to modern obesity

AAAS: Modern obesity epidemic can be traced back two million years – Telegraph

NEJM — Expanding Coverage for Children — The Democrats’ Power and SCHIP Reauthorization

JANUARY 2009

January 24, 2009

Childhood obesity influenced by genetic variations

Science Centric | News | Childhood obesity risk increased by newly-discovered genetic mutations

January 21, 2009

Obesity imperils health care reform

FEATURE-U.S. obesity epidemic shows perils to health reform – Forbes.com

January 20, 2009

Employers try incentives for healthier workforce Firms offer bigger incentives for healthy living – USATODAY.com

January 13, 2009

NIH launches study of how genes and environment affect children’s development National Children’s Study Begins Recruiting Volunteers, January 13, 2009 News Release – National Institutes of Health (NIH)

January 9, 2009

Physical Activity May not be Key to Obesity After All

Physical Activity May Not Be Key To Obesity Epidemic

January 6, 2009

Obesity and Ovarian Cancer Linked

Obesity Linked To Elevated Risk Of Ovarian Cancer

DECEMBER 2008

December 22, 2008

A little overweight and inactive hurts too

Even a Little Overweight, Inactivity Hurts the Heart – washingtonpost.com

December 19, 2008

Limiting snacks in schools can increase fruit, veggie consumption

Limiting School Snacks Boosts Fruit, Veggie Consumption – US News and World Report

December 18, 2008

Childhood Obesity may affect thyroid

Childhood Obesity May Cause Thyroid Problems – washingtonpost.com

December 16, 2008

New York Debates Tax on Soft Drinks

A Tax on Many Soft Drinks Sets Off a Spirited Debate – NYTimes.com

December 12, 2008

Study looks at relationship between obesity, breast cancer and frequency of mammography

Daily Cancer News – CancerConsultants.com

December 3, 2008

Visceral obesity linked to depression in elderly

Depression Linked to Increase in Abdominal Fat – US News and World Report

Childhood Obesity

September 26th, 2009

Childhood obesity is one of the most important health problems facing the United States, if not the rest of the world. In an insightful article, David Ludwig describes Phase I of this crisis starting in the 1970s and ongoing where average weight increases among children from all demographic categories. However, this has little impact on medical care because an overweight or obese child may remain healthy for many years. Phase II which he describes we are now entering is marked by the emergence of serious health-related problems, such as type 2 diabetes, fatty liver, orthopedic problems and sleep apnea. Phase III, in the future, will see these problems evolve into life-threatening diseases, notably coronary heart diseases. He predicts that by mid-century, pediatric obesity will shorten life expectancy by 2 to 5 years..equal to all cancers combined. NEJM — Childhood Obesity — The Shape of Things to Come. His prediction, in my view, is unlikely to be disproved. New studies point to already significant increases in hospitalizations and costs associated with childhood obesity. Effects Of Childhood Obesity On Hospital Care And Costs, 1999-2005 — Trasande et al. 28 (4): w751 — Health AffairsThe seriousness of this problem should be compared to the seriousness and comprehensiveness of policy-makers thus far. MD

Prevalence

CDC Growth Charts N C H S – 2000 C D C Growth Charts: United States

State childhood obesity prevalence rates http://www.leadershipforhealthycommunities.org/images/stories/csg_ff_childhoodobesity1.pdf

Childhood obesity: trends and potential causes. [Future Child. 2006] – PubMed Result

Severe obesity in children increasing Prevalence and Trends of Severe Obesity Among US C…[Acad Pediatr. 2009] – PubMed Result

Prevalence and Trends of Severe Obesity Among US C…[Acad Pediatr. 2009] – PubMed Result

Weight status in the first 6 months of life and ob…[Pediatrics. 2009] – PubMed Result

General

See CDC Growth Charts Growth Charts – 2000 CDC Growth Charts – United States

See the Childhood Obesity Assessment Calculator from Shape Up! America Obesity Assessment

Childhood obesity and predictors of adult obesity Childhood predictors of adult obesity: a systemati…[Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999] – PubMed Result

Maternal Influence

Maternal Influence, Gestational Diabetes Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with …[Pediatrics. 2005] – PubMed Result

Maternal perception of weight status and health ri…[Pediatrics. 2009] – PubMed Result

Family Circumstances

Do childhood social circumstances affect overweigh…[Scand J Public Health. 2009] – PubMed Result

Child Health and Wellbeing

The impact of overweight and obesity on health-rel…[BMC Public Health. 2008] – PubMed Result

Health-related quality of life among children and …[Int J Obes (Lond). 2006] – PubMed Result

Pediatric Obesity Screening, Assessment and Treatment

US Govt Recommendations for screening and treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity Screening and Interventions for Childhood Overweight: A Summary of Evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force — Whitlock et al. 116 (1): e125 — Pediatrics

Screening and Treatment Recommendations Screening and interventions for childhood overweig…[Pediatrics. 2005] – PubMed Result

Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood. [Pediatrics. 2006] – PubMed Result

Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk …[Obes Rev. 2006] – PubMed Result

Effectiveness of intervention programs Effectiveness of weight management programs in chi…[Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep). 2008] – PubMed Result

Fat or Fit? Risks among 12-13 year olds. Relationship of fitness, fatness, and coronary-hea…[Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2007] – PubMed Result

Interventions for preventing obesity in children. [Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005] – PubMed Result

Child Care state Regulations and obesity Obesity prevention in child care: a review of U.S….[BMC Public Health. 2008] – PubMed Result

Small changes won’t help stop obesity in overweight children. Reductions of 300-500 calories per day needed ARS | Publication request: Halting the Epidemic of Childhood Obesity

Energy dense foods not affect female adolescents Energy-dense snack food intake in adolescence: lon…[Obes Res. 2004] – PubMed Result

Myths about childhood obesity Myths about childhood obesity. [Pediatr Ann. 1992] – PubMed Result

Societal Trends and Childhood Obesity: Part I: Preventing Chronic Disease: January 2005: 04_0038 Part II: Preventing Chronic Disease: April 2005: 04_0039

Children’s weight worsens at home, away from school Well – Summer Is a Nutrition Challenge for Parents and Children – NYTimes.com

Identifying high risk children Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood. [Pediatrics. 2006] – PubMed Result

Early determinants of risk Early determinants of overweight at 4.5 years in a…[Int J Obes (Lond). 2006] – PubMed Result

Youth Risk Behaviors Documented Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance — Selected Steps Communities, United States, 2007

Associated with obesity in children Prevalence of Obesity Among Children With Chronic …[Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009] – PubMed Result