A meta-analysis may add some greater credibility to studies linking Adenovirus 36 infection with obesity. The meta-analysis by Yamada, Hara and Kadowaki at the University of Tokyo, Japan, looked at 10 cross-sectional studies. The pooled analysis of 2,870 subjects showed a weighted man difference for BMI of Ad36 infection was of 3.19 compared to non-infection. The odds ratio for the increased risk of obesity with an Ad36 infection was a significant 1.9. However, there was no relationship between Ad36 and cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, waist circumference and systolic blood pressure, suggesting that Ad36 infection may be more associated with subcutaneous weight fat than visceral fat. PubMed: Ad36 association with Obesity, Metabolic Markers A recent study from Sweden has found Ad36 infection associated with pediatric obesity, severe obesity in adult females and lower risk of high blood lipid levels in non-diabetic Swedish individuals. PubMed: Ad36 is associated with obesity in children and adults in Sweden.